The following is a very brief summary of what was taught and discussed in the Sunday morning Bible Study group I usually lead. While I did mention that some of the earliest manuscripts have these two (unnumbered) verses penned on the side of the page and even some had them at the end of the paragraph, I did not major on that since most church going Christians panic somewhat at this info. Our churches do not spend enough time really giving the average believer real information about our Bible, the difficulties of translating the original languages, and the correct way to study and seek a reasonable interpretation.
“34 Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church.”
There is language in these verses (1 cor. 14:34-35) that is not Paul's style. For that and other reasons I believe it is a quote from the Judaizers wanting to make the women be segregated as they were in the Temple's in that time period. And the reasons cited of disrupting the meeting with questions could have indeed been the reason. What Paul had been saying already in chapter 14 should have been sufficient to handle the problems. Everyone had already been told to be silent while other’s spoke in tongues and while others prophesied. I've noticed that few think about the impact those admonitions have on all dialogue in Christian meetings.
In addition, some of the other problems with those two verses are:
1. there never was such a law or rule in the Torah
2. Paul was not into making such legalistic all inclusive forever directives that did not build members up in Jesus.
3. There was a really nasty statement similar to those words in the Mishnah Sotah, but Paul did not promote the Mishnah directives among Christians.
4. Paul would never say, and never did say, that it was “shameful” for a woman to speak in a church meeting.
5. Paul already earlier in the letter said that women who prophesied (preached) and prayed in the public meetings should be respectful in their attire.
6. It is somewhat not helpful to women who wanted to learn, to confine them to learning from a husband who may or may not know enough to teach anyone, including their own wives. They should learn in church meetings and from teachers, as should the men.
Ancient Roman and Asian societies were honor and shame societies. Their lives revolved around who was honored and who wasn’t. There were two main sources of honor: ascribed and achieved. Ascribed honor was your roots, where you came from, your family, your family achievements (wealth, reputation, etc.). Achieved honor had to do with your personal successes and achievements.
Aristotle, a student of Socrates (and considered a genius), developed the social construction of a society whose citizens were the wealthy and noble born men. It is interesting that Aristotle ignored Plato’s more liberal ideas of women (the Greeks liked Plato’s ideas) and chose to view them as completely inferior. A man could become noble by his achievements as well. If one was not male, noble born or from wealth then that person was not considered honorable enough to sit in discussion and planning of the social issues or sit in judgment of law issues. People of this background could not become leaders. Many well-known and educated men throughout history used this same or similar pattern of thinking including Calvin and Luther. Thus the Rabbis and Jewish leaders of Jesus’ day were greatly influenced by Socrates (469BC-399BC), Plato (424BC-347BC) and Aristotle (384BC-322BC)
Women could be considered noble born by reason of their family status and family achievements. However, because women were considered physically inferior and incapable of the physical and mental challenges that men exchanged between themselves, the primary honor they could gain was in serving their fathers and husbands and in certain personal feminine achievements, primarily the arts.
Men sought to perpetuate their own honor by marrying women who could continue their own nobility, wealth, and good family bloodlines. This is why few men in those times (including the days of Jesus and the early church) thought it of any consequence to love their wives. They married to perpetuate their public honor and continue an honorable bloodline. The majority of society was scrambling in a “quiet” way to outdo each other. And in these struggles women fell to the wayside. These were the issues of women and marriage that Paul so delicately, indirectly and brilliantly spoke into in Ephesians 5. According to Mischke, it is a common theme of the honor/shame way of thinking to speak indirectly. This way one can be directed, direct others and correct oneself without shame of error or failure. It is commonly called “saving face” in Eastern cultures today. And this I believe is what Paul was doing in Ephesians 5 and in 1 Cor. 11:2-16.
It is my belief that the entire system of male dominance we deal with in the church today is built around these ancient paradigms. The hierarchalists don’t say outright that women cannot be leaders and cannot be equal partners with their husbands because women are inferior mentally and physically. But they do say it indirectly and cleverly.
In Jesus’ day and in the early church, the challenge Jesus’ Truth brought to the Pharisees’ power and authority was so feared, so destructive to their (may I say evil) paradigm of honor and shame that they sought to kill Jesus. And they also sought to kill Christ’s disciples before and after Christ’s death and resurrection. God’s Truth brings equality, mutuality, and true compassion, support and help to become like Jesus in humility. These things, especially humility, do not walk well with a scrambling for honor.
The vociferous responses of the hierarchalist male dominance crowd to the teachings of mutuality, is very similar to the attempts by the Pharisees to destroy Jesus and His disciples. We have difficulty getting along because we not only speak different languages but our approaches are opposite. Those believing in equality want to speak more directly. Those in the honor shame paradigms speak their beliefs indirectly so that one has to interpret and guess at what is really being said. Hence the “equal but different” mantra that is really not about equality at all. But they speak their anger boldly and harshly because mutuality threatens their social systems.
Paul chose to be all things to all that some may be won for the kingdom. (1 Cor. 10:31-33) Thus he spoke indirectly in most instances. Christ chose to do both fairly equally. In many instances He strongly rebuked the Pharisees who were constantly challenging him critically and in judgmentalism, and in other instances Jesus wove His answers and directions in metaphors and stories.
My hope is that considering these things we may all (including myself) better learn how and in what circumstances we can respond both directly and indirectly toward the issues of male hierarchies in today’s churches in hopes of bringing and living the humility of honoring all believers.
What say you . . . . . .
Honor & Shame in Cross Cultural Relationships by Werner Mischke
Honor & Shame in the Gospel of Matthew by Jerome Neyrey
When Dogmas Die by Susanna Krizo
Woman in Greek Civilization Before 100BC by Arthur F. Ide
Not enough thought is given to why Eve was created in the special manner she was. 1 Corinthians 11 says that the woman is the glory of the man (1 Cor. 11:7) and that she was brought forth through the man (1 Cor. 11:3b) Eve was very much the pièce de résistance of humanity. Being the last formed she was indeed the masterpiece in the creation of humans. Acknowledging this should not in any way demean the beauty and glory of the human male being formed first out of nothing but dust. Humanity in whole is the masterpiece of all creation on this planet. However, who was formed first and who was formed last does not diminish our great need for one another. (1 Cor. 11:11)
11 Nevertheless, neither is man independent of woman, nor woman independent of man, in the Lord. 12 For as woman came from man, even so man also comes through woman; but all things are from God.
Unfortunately, sin has caused us to miss some of the most basic lessons of life. That which comes before supports, protects and promotes the life of what comes after. For what comes after builds upon the former and brings new life to it.
First the heavens and the earth were formed, then light and the waters. Without the heavens and the earth no life could come forth. Without light to contrast darkness and waters to moisten the soil, no new life could be reformed. The plants that grow in the soil and life that grows in the waters support the life of all creatures created after. All of this supports life essentially and the experience of life for humans. Humans cannot exist without all that has come before us. We protect them. We rescue the animals, the plants, the earth, the waters and the atmosphere. We need them. They need us.
This was the lesson that God wanted to impart to the first human before God created the woman. So, God created the man and woman differently than He created the other living creatures. Genesis 2 Because the first human was so perfect and so beautiful, God needed to reveal to him that he had need of an other for life to be full. So God gave the first human a task to perform that would teach him his need. “It is not good for the human to be alone. I will make/produce a help (ezer) as in front of him (kenegdo) (Gen. 2:18). God showed the human his aloneness and proclaimed that aloneness was not good. God promised to produce for the human a help, a rescuer, from this aloneness. This was no accident. This was all planned by God because God knew of the temptations that would come to humanity. After the man realized that the animals had companions and that there was none for him among them, then God formed the woman, the rescuer.
In Hebrew ezer means one who helps, succor (relief, support, rescue). This word is used only 21 times in the OT and most often of God rescuing Israel or humans .  Kenegdo, from neged, means what is in front of or facing, corresponding to and implies equality. To correspond to is to be compatible with or equivalent to. Thus, the woman is the rescuer who is like him. This is why the man exulted, not in that the woman was different, but in that she was like him, equal to him. She was “bone of his bones, and flesh of his flesh”. She fit his humanity.
Only the woman is able to save the man from himself. “No man is an island.”  Only one not the same yet of the same substance, is able to reflect back (implied in neged “facing”) to the man his lacks. This was understood by some Jews. In the Stone Edition Chumash the following is written in the footnotes for Gen. 2:18.
“A helper corresponding to him. [lit. a helper against him]. If the man is worthy, the woman will be a helper; if he is unworthy, she will be against him (Yevamos 63a; Rashi). Many have noted that the ideal marriage is not necessarily one of total agreement in all matters. Often it is the wife’s responsibility to oppose her husband and prevent him from acting rashly, or to help him achieve a common course by questioning, criticizing, and discussing. Thus, the verse means literally that there are times a wife can best be a helper by being against him. “
While I agree with Rabbi Rashi, I prefer to couch this in terms of a woman rescuing the man by mirroring back to him what he cannot see of himself. Because the woman is equally human yet has some differing qualities she is able to do this better than another man. Not only can a woman see things that a man might not see, her compassions, gentleness and frailties make her a safe one to hear them from as she is not perceived as a threat the way another man could be.
There is more to being alone than just being alone. And there is more to this thing of being an ezer kenegdo than at first glance.
 From http://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/OTpdf/gen2.pdf
 Ps. 33:20, 70:5, 115:9
 The Stone Edition Chumash contains commentaries from ancient and modern Rabbinic writings. They can be found on Amazon.com.
I love animals, especially baby animals. Their joy in life, innocence of evil intent and “grouchlessness” is engaging. As I sit typing I hear the pile of reading papers, magazines, and articles sliding off the footstool along with the kittens. Reminds me of diving off of cliffs in Hawaii, running back up and diving off again and again. Thrilling really! Oh and now my camera and purse hanging off the back of the dining room table chair has dropped to the floor for more intense inspection by Greyling, kitten #1. So now Calley, kitten #2, and WildBoy my 2-yr (teenager) cat have all come to inspect and crawl in the purse. Yes, I’ve done my best not to leave too much stuff available for their joyful runabouts and damage prevention. But for a healthy kitten’s growth, I must leave something for them to inspect and experiment with.
TALK, TALK, TALK……
We as humans are all like God's children and precious to God. As a grandmotherly senior, teaching and occasionally preaching is my passion and has been for many years. I was thinking this week how Bible study groups can sometimes be like a group of old and young cats of every age. The older want to prove their prowess, the babes want to have fun, and the rest want to “get into it” much like cats crawling into my purse to investigate. I’ve learned that I must let this happen both for the cats and for fellow believers. Such freedom creates an atmosphere of real joy in whatever we are doing including reading God’s Word.
WHERE IS THE WISDOM
James 3: 13 Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show by good conduct that his works are done in the meekness of wisdom. 14 But if you have bitter envy and self-seeking in your hearts, do not boast and lie against the truth. 15 This wisdom does not descend from above, but is earthly, sensual, and demonic. 16 For where envy and self-seeking exist, confusion and every evil thing are there. 17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and without hypocrisy. 18 Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
Wisdom is both the proper application of knowledge as well as godly love directed toward all for their productive benefit. The word translated as ‘wise’ in vs. 13 above is Sophos and means skilled, expert, cultivated, learned, etc. It is sometimes aimed specifically toward theologians, philosophers and teachers and those who want to become such. We should encourage those seeking to become wise.
THE KNOWLEDGEABLE MUST LEAD AND STEER
I’ve found that Bible Study for adult believers must include things they can inspect and experiment with like kittens and my purse, but not too much. They still need the guidance of those who have studied deeply the subject. Someone is bound to puff up like a turkey or the arched back of a challenging kitten and proclaim that his or her answer or insight is the only reasonable one. That is when biting and fighting can begin. Wisdom loves them all, encourages and applauds the real insights and steers all toward more thoughtful discussion. As Paul noted in 1 Timothy 1 some people want to be teachers of the Law, but really don’t have a good grasp of the Word, nor on the things they proclaim so confidently.
1 Tim. 1:7 desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm.
Unless they are infiltrators from an ungodly belief system and not really Christians, it really doesn’t matter who is going off track, the answer should be the same to all believers: help them to learn. Don’t try to silence them forever or be harsh with them. This was Paul’s answer regarding the women in Ephesus who were desiring to be teachers. “Let them learn”. The principle is the same for everyone. Encourage them to learn in quietness (not fighting) with expectations to receive something of value.
POINTING IN THE DESIRED DIRECTION
Sometimes, I preach a bit in our Bible groups, laying history and foundations for what is being studied. As I do this I’m doing my best to follow the leading of the Holy Spirit in directing discussion. I stop in the midst of discussion and offer them nuggets of information they may not have. And I ask questions that will make them really think. Believe me, many are waiting for their chance to contribute. Welcome it and leave time and space for it.
If a section of Scripture is controversial, I’ve learned that it is best to note the controversies and help believers think about it. This is much like ancient Jewish practices of citing scholar’s words that differ, such as Hillel, or Gamaliel. There will always be scholars and teachers that differ on certain points. We who teach must inform the Body of Christ how to deal with this and how to properly inductively and contextually research these different opinions. And we should give them good researchable reasons why we believe as we do especially on controversial subjects. Don’t run away from it and leave them hanging. Do your research and teach them how to study inductively. Unfortunately, too often some things are taught from poor research leaving behind context, history, grammar and whole Bible harmony. That is why we who know better must share what we know with our brethren with wisdom, compassion and sincere affection.
Teaching with wisdom, knowledge, good research, compassionate steering of conversation as well as using the basics of a good scholar of the Word (history, grammar, context, whole Bible harmony) and sincere affection toward all believers is bound to produce the joyful communication and discussion of a group of happy cats and kittens. I’ve seen it happen many times. My church’s Sunday morning Bible group which I steer is known for their laughter echoing up into the sanctuary, and our “lively” discussions. When this happens it is not attributed to just the one teaching and steering. The one teaching is like the good mountain guide who has been there before and just keeps walking them in the best paths of which he/she knows. Then the Holy Spirit takes over and the unity and fellowship of the Spirit leads us toward the mind of Christ, which is to love one another, put other’s first, consider other’s interests before our own. Then we learn to wash one another’s feet in our spiritual discussion. We learn to see the value in others that Christ saw in humanity when He gave His life and suffered death for the benefit of those who would come to Him. To see this glorious hint of unity of the Spirit is worth all the work it takes, all the trials and failures it takes, to keep doing what God calls a teacher to do; and often brings joy to my heart and tears to my eyes.
Phil. 2 Therefore if there is any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any affection and mercy, 2 fulfill my joy by being like-minded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. 3 Let nothing be done through selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowliness of mind let each esteem others better than himself. 4 Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others.
This is the first ever eulogy I have felt inspired to write and that is just because of the deep sense of loss over knowing that my dear friend of so many years is no longer here. Now I must wait until we meet again in the arms of Jesus. This is not about writing an article, but just my heart spilling over in a few memories and thoughts I feel I can share; the briefest of skipping stone throws across a huge pond of inspiring memories.
If I could say one overarching insight about Brenda’s life, it is that in spite of all the pains she experienced in her life she stayed beautiful inside and out. Having known Brenda for 39 or so years, I went through many of those painful life experiences with her. We shared things together about our lives that no one will ever hear about. It’s important to have someone that is able to hear the real you without judgement or criticisms. And not just that. We knew well that in spite of our many failures we were both accepted by Jesus. We saw each other’s core person inside and not just the mistakes on the outside. We comforted each other through tragedies, divorces, losses, births and deaths.
Brenda cared about others. It was Brenda that was willing to fly to the mainland to help support me when I was caring for my great aunt who was sliding into alzheimer’s. It was Brenda who read the book I wrote during that painful time and gave me encouragement.
We would weep together. A couple of times we spent the whole night together weeping, laughing and praying earnestly for some struggles in Brenda’s life. I’m sure the heavens heard us. Things changed.
We helped each other. At one point in our history we both lived in old coffee shacks. We both had leaks in the roofs too. Our then husbands helped each other fix the big things and we made the places homey. I still remember helping Brenda with the laundry squeezing out the clothes from the antique squeeze roller machine. One had to be careful they didn’t get their fingers caught in the rollers as they only rolled one way.
My then husband couldn’t have children so I loved on her children. We were the first baby sitters for Elias. He was such a big child (and had a cast on his fractured arm) I could only carry him walking, jiggling, singing and laughing for about 20 minutes before my arms gave out. Elias was so put out at not having Mommy there that my husband and I spent the whole time entertaining sweet Elias so that mom and dad could have some time alone.
When the 3 kids were older, Elias, Nate and Zachary used to love to be rolled up in blankets and left to squiggle out. We would spend hours together after potluck dinners in each other’s coffee shacks laughing over many things. Often baked beans would encourage the guys, including Bob Brilhart, to a farting contest. Just imagine that. SMILES!!
Brenda and I loved garage sales. We found the most amazing things. She would actually change the whole style of her house frequently. Selling off some things left us room to find more unique stuff. Often our wardrobes were mostly sale finds. Brenda taught me a lot on that. It was Brenda that suggested I make each room or area have it’s own theme. She was a true artist in making a home inviting and interesting.
No matter what was happening in Brenda’s personal life, her children always remained in the forefront honored, protected and cared for. She never forgot about any of them. Brenda raised four beautiful men. Even when the boys were adults, she would still buy size 14 1/2 shoes for Elias whenever she saw a good deal. My heart breaks at the loss of such a wonderful mother for these young men.
After the boys were grown and mostly on their own God blessed Brenda with a good man, Allen. It was really only then that I saw Brenda finally at peace with life and more constantly experiencing joy. She lived in the kind of house that she loved. Always loving animals she was able to have a few special ones surrounding her. Allen and Brenda were the spice of life for each other. It is a blessing to know that in her last days, this good man devotedly cared for her physical, spiritual and emotional comfort.
The world has lost a jewel. But she did leave behind many people touched positively by her beautiful soul, energized by Christ.
One of the several mistakes that gender hierarchalists today make in reading about marriage is to assume a 21st century understanding of the use of ‘head’. The facts are that Paul and Christ spoke to correct the very Aristotelianism that had pervaded Judeo-Islamic philosophical and theological thinking in the middle ages before Christ. Such views still pervade our churches today, simply because men in general like power. While Aristotle viewed it important that the wife be happy, he thought it was the husband’s job to govern the accomplishment of such and that women needed governing as the weaker element. In Aristotle’s view only men were made suitable to govern. In Aristotle's thinking the very frame of women showed that they were only suitable to bear and raise children. All his teachings were pretty much based on those two paradigms.
Within a more contextual reading of Ephesians 5, there is the fact that in Eph. 5:1-2 ALL believers are told to love sacrificially as Christ did toward us. Add the closing admonition to this section in Eph. 5:21 where ALL believers are admonished to submit to one another in the fear of God and we have mutuality by both men and women. Then stepping into the relationship of marriage wives are admonished to carry that mutuality toward their husbands. For wives that was a step up and away from obedience that the culture taught. And that mutuality was to be in everything.
Husbands are then reminded that the sacrificial love spoken of in Eph. 5:1-2 is to be extended toward their wives. Nothing is said about leading the wives, or disciplining,or discipling, teaching or any such thing. Rather the husband is told that like Christ he is to nurture and cherish (provide and protect) his wife.
Eph.5:25: “Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and GAVE himself for it;”
The Greek word translated GAVE is PARADIDOMI, defined by the Blue Letter Bible dictionary as: ‘to give into the hands (of another)’ ‘to give over into (one’s) power or use’ ‘to deliver to another something to keep, use, take care of, manage’, also give oneself up, present oneself. Just as Christ gave Himself completely up for the salvation benefit of those who would believe on Him, so husbands are to lay down their lives for the benefit, the welfare, the promotion of the life of their wives.
Add in that Paul painted an interestingly profound picture of deep attachment to one another by telling the wife (not the husband) to view the husband as her physical head (nothing to do with leadership). Then Paul tells the husband (not the wife) to view the wife as his physical body (not a slave or servant). I say “view” because each has their own head and body. The metaphorical purpose I see in Eph. 5:21-33
is to show them they are to come together as one flesh, as perfectly united in deep harmonious attachment so that they are like one unit. The head needs the body to live and the body needs the head to live. Life, true spiritual life together is what is being promoted. This is found in submissive mutuality, honor, and deep love.
The popular ideas of gender hierarchy that applaud men as superior, in control, and such cannot promote the end result that Paul paints a picture of in Ephesians 5. And the ending in verse 31 points us back to Genesis where we see that this harmonious unity is supposed to produce one whole unit, two become as one. And this is the profound unity that Christ prayed the Father for (John 17:6-19) when He said that everything He had belongs to the Father and everything that the Father has belongs to Him, indicating those believers who would believe in Him. He prayed the Father to keep them safe so that they may be one just as He and the Father are one. This is the mystery of Christ and the church. This is the mystery and glory of our relationship with God, we in Him and Him in us. And this only happens when we present our bodies as a living sacrifice to Him, as He has already done so for eternity for us. Then, and only then are we able to do the same for one another, including within the blessings of marriage.
It is an unfortunate truth the most Christians today read the Bible in words and not in word pictures and concepts. Writers and speakers speak from the pictures that God puts in our minds. The words are the colors that the authors paint to reform the pictures and concepts in their heads so that others might see in their minds what the authors and speakers are seeing. It is not easy to do. We understand best when we hear and read in principles and concepts or in stories by setting the scene up in our minds eye. The misinformation comes when people read in merely words. Words can mean different things to different people. And words can be rearranged in the hearers and readers minds like building blocks taken apart and reformed into a new building.
When we rightly divide the words of Scripture, instead of rebuilding them into our desires or the answers we seek, we seek the purpose of the authors who wrote them, taking into consideration the era they lived in, the cultures, the idiosyncrasies of the time, word meanings, grammar and the subject matter or story spoken about.
Thus we come to the fivefold ministries mentioned in Ephesians 4:11-13. This bit of insight Paul was sharing about starts out in verses 1-5 where Paul is drawing our attention to the Body of Christ as one whole. We all as one united family have the same Holy Spirit, the same Savior, faith and birth through belief and baptism. We are united to God as our father (generator, parent) through Christ. And to this one body of people Christ apportioned grace among us, and gave gifts. In this discussion the gifts that were given (and are still being given today) are people, not the spiritual manifestations of the Holy Spirit mentioned elsewhere. These are people that Christ has chosen to send us with specific callings upon their lives. You see the words in verse 11 “so Christ Himself gave”. And then in verse 12 the purpose of calling, sending and equipping these individuals was to build up this one Body into maturity. Mature believers help keep the Body united together in compassion for each other, and attached to Christ as our Lord and Savior.
These individuals as gifts are not called by churches but by Christ Himself for God’s purposes. And generally these anointed people have lifelong callings and Christ sends them where He wants them. Sometimes they stay in one place as some of the apostles did. Sometimes they move around as several of the apostles did. But whatever they do they are beholden to follow the call of God our Father, Christ and the Holy Spirit.
Now the type of callings they had on their lives Paul outlines in five general themes: apostles, prophets, evangelists, shepherds and teachers. The first thing to understand is that these individuals do not live or relate in a hierarchy. The apostle does not direct the prophet, the prophet does not direct the evangelist, the evangelist does not direct the pastor/shepherd, the pastor does not direct the teacher. They are a team of people that work together to serve the purposes and plans of God. They do have different areas of activities. Often they will work together to address similar goals, but coming from different angles. One other thing they have in common is that they all teach.
Apostles teach to draw, organize and keep people together. Apostles often start different types of ministries as God leads them. They will often travel frequently to find believers and organize them into groups to mature together as a church/ecclesia. Prophets teach the mind and purposes of God (in past and present) as well as reveal the Scriptures and present/future predictions. Prophets reveal God’s heart and purposes as the Holy Spirit gives them timely relevant words, visions, dreams, etc. Evangelists teach to reveal our need of God and help new believers stay in Christ. Evangelists have a sense of explaining God’s work of salvation that is easy for non believers and new believers to comprehend and follow. Shepherds teach to draw people deeper in their relationship with the Lord. Shepherds are like guardians who keep watch, go after us when we are suffering, supporting and encouraging as a parent. Teachers are like scholars who are in love with the Truth and search the Scriptures daily in order to share the wonders of the truths that God shares therein. They teach us how to rightly divide the Word of God, and point us always back to Scripture as God’s help to keep us walking towards Him.
It is also important to note that some individuals are combination ministries. An apostle could also be anointed in any other of the called ministries, such as an apostle/prophet. We could have an evangelist/pastor. Any of the called ministries could also be an anointed teacher. Often today we have shepherd/teachers either as a pastor or as a teacher (teacher/shepherd). Being a called shepherd actually doesn't mean that such a person is a modern pastor of a church. He or she could start, organize and manage any number of service ministries in the world. In the same way that todays missionaries do a wide variety of services, so can an anointed individual in one or several of the fivefold ministries be led of God to do a variety of services in churches and around the world.
This team of anointed and called believers should be working together all over the world. In fact, that is something that Loren Cunningham sought to encourage in his establishment of Youth With A Mission. They minister in many varied capacities all over the world. But the ideal is that God's anointed individuals should work together first in their own churches, then in cooperating churches and ministries in the same city or town, and then all over the world as God leads. Some stay local and some roam abroad. But the main thing is that we should work together because we are indeed in God's eyes, One Body in Christ our Lord and Savior.
I've decided to repost some old posts from another blog I used to post on. The following was written on May 13, 2007.
I've decided to repost some old posts from another blog I used to post on. The following was written on May 16, 2007.
"Paul's statement and reasoning about not allowing a woman to teach a man OR TO USURP HIS AUTHORITY proves that Junia could not be a woman apostle. The reason? BECAUSE ADAM WAS FORMED FIRST..."
"It is CLEAR from Scripture (and Paul testifies to this that ADAM WAS CREATED FIRST), that man ruled or reigned over creation."