The following is a very brief summary of what was taught and discussed in the Sunday morning Bible Study group I usually lead. While I did mention that some of the earliest manuscripts have these two (unnumbered) verses penned on the side of the page and even some had them at the end of the paragraph, I did not major on that since most church going Christians panic somewhat at this info. Our churches do not spend enough time really giving the average believer real information about our Bible, the difficulties of translating the original languages, and the correct way to study and seek a reasonable interpretation.
“34 Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church.”
There is language in these verses (1 cor. 14:34-35) that is not Paul's style. For that and other reasons I believe it is a quote from the Judaizers wanting to make the women be segregated as they were in the Temple's in that time period. And the reasons cited of disrupting the meeting with questions could have indeed been the reason. What Paul had been saying already in chapter 14 should have been sufficient to handle the problems. Everyone had already been told to be silent while other’s spoke in tongues and while others prophesied. I've noticed that few think about the impact those admonitions have on all dialogue in Christian meetings.
In addition, some of the other problems with those two verses are:
1. there never was such a law or rule in the Torah
2. Paul was not into making such legalistic all inclusive forever directives that did not build members up in Jesus.
3. There was a really nasty statement similar to those words in the Mishnah Sotah, but Paul did not promote the Mishnah directives among Christians.
4. Paul would never say, and never did say, that it was “shameful” for a woman to speak in a church meeting.
5. Paul already earlier in the letter said that women who prophesied (preached) and prayed in the public meetings should be respectful in their attire.
6. It is somewhat not helpful to women who wanted to learn, to confine them to learning from a husband who may or may not know enough to teach anyone, including their own wives. They should learn in church meetings and from teachers, as should the men.